As we leave 2020 behind with its ups and downs (with the pandemic), I would like to share with you the technology trends that are rising in 2020 and that I think will develop in 2021. Before I start, let me give a spoiler; We cannot move to Mars this year either. I wish everyone a happy, healthy, and peaceful world in the new year.
1. Artificial Intelligence: Let us put artificial intelligence and machine learning at the top of this list. The technology of most of the remaining items of the list is shaped on the development of artificial intelligence. In its most general form, we can say that artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer or a computer-controlled robot to perform various activities like intelligent creatures. So, what has changed in the artificial intelligence technology we always talk about in 2020? This year, we see that more organizations are participating in digital transformation based on artificial intelligence, that digital employees are increasing worldwide, and the change in business and process intelligence continues at full speed. In addition to all these processes, we observe that jobs have transformed. It will increase the importance of jobs such as artificial intelligence, bot tracking experts, data scientists, automation. While some professions fall victim to automation based on artificial intelligence, new ones will be replaced. Of course, the creation of new professions should not scare you, people will remain the ultimate controllers of all systems. With the increasing use of artificial intelligence, the value of data scientists will also increase. According to the data of the World Economic Forum, while 85 million employees on a global scale are replaced by artificial intelligence systems, these systems will create different professions and provide 97 million additional jobs. Artificial intelligence engineering will be among the most profitable professions. In addition, company productivity is expected to increase by 80 percent.
2. Internet of Things: We call the communication network where physical objects are connected to each other or with larger systems as internet of things. These physical objects can be any mechanical equipment, machinery, and even humans and animals in the future, thanks to the chips that Elon Musk has already mentioned and drew reaction. By 2025, 50 billion objects will be connected to the Internet. This is equal to the number of free-floating planets in our galaxy. We see that this technology focuses especially on smart cities, manufacturing industry and smart homes. With this technology, we are shelving the physical proximity rule to interact with that object. It is also very promising in terms of saving time and resources. Thanks to the Internet of Things, many technological devices will be able to work completely unmanned, reducing human workload up to 50%. This technology, which has a market share of around 248 billion dollars in 2020, is expected to almost double itself to 418 billion dollars in 2021.
3. Wearable Technology: Today, thanks to our smart watches, rings and similar technological devices, we are able to collect our vital data, body signals, and environmental data, and take measures according to this data. For example, weight control… There is no doubt that products such as smart glasses, smart shoes, and smart clothes will become widespread and part of our daily lives. While the size of the global wearable technology market in 2019 is around $ 32 billion, it is expected to grow at least 15% from 2020 to 2027.
4. Big Data: With the introduction and spread of computers in human life, the importance of data has increased considerably. Of course, today, not only the amount of information but also the speed of access to information is increasing significantly. Big data: is the form of converting all data collected from various sources of the internet into meaningful and processable form. When big data is interpreted with the right analysis methods, it can enable companies to make accurate strategic decisions, manage risks and innovate. Big data is expected to have a market volume of $ 64 billion in 2021.
5. Smart Cities: When it comes to smart cities and living spaces, you can find whatever you look for. We define smart cities as urban areas made up of data that helps manage resources and services efficiently through the internet of things, processing of big data, and the use of artificial intelligence. Thanks to smart cities, significant savings can be made on resources. Successful smart city studies are carried out in many cities such as Singapore, Oslo, Copenhagen, Boston, Amsterdam, New York, Barcelona, and London.
6. Cloud Technology: It is not very useful to carry all our data on computers and external memories with limited storage. As a result, cloud technology contains all our documents, presentations, photographs, all kinds of digital documents you can think of and any print that we leave in the digital field. In 2020, we see that cloud technology is being used to meet the processing power needs as well as storage. The processing power of artificial intelligence solutions, mobile applications and even game services is shifting from endpoint devices to the cloud. In the future, we may have cheaper but more resourceful devices with less processing power.
7. Digital Reality: This trend, encompassing virtual reality, augmented reality, and mixed reality, highlights the movement towards creating more immersive digital experiences. To summarize, Virtual reality is the creation of sensory elements such as image, hologram, sound, location, and so on as an imitation of the real world. There is no doubt that we will see many studies on this subject in the coming days, especially with the effect of the pandemic. We will be able to experience places, where we can no longer physically visit, in digital environments.
8. Digital Twin: The digital twin is the study of the virtual model of a real-world physical product or a service’s behaviour and their results. The digital twin is a digital copy of a physical object. Today, we see that this technology is used especially in areas such as quality management, cost reduction and efficiency.
9. Computer Opinion: When I ask if computers can see, there will be those who say, “Is that so? Well, computers have had cameras for a long time, they take our image from here to our aunt in Germany”. I want to explain with a small example right away: You know we say “there is a difference between looking and seeing” … Hah! That is exactly the difference between computers having cameras and being able to see. When we look at the brief history of computer science, we see that computer vision is a fairly new technology. Computers are now able to see, and this new sensation they have acquired will reshape our lives. Cameras in the construction area will be able to detect situations that endanger work safety and prevent possible accidents. Sparks that can turn into fires in forests where sighted drones patrol can be detected when they are very small. Security cameras will not have to be monitored by people 24/7 and security systems that can see unusual situations will be able to detect them on their own. Our smart home will open the door for us by recognizing us. Vehicles, that can see, will hit the roads on their own and will pick us up wherever we want. AI computers, that can see, will understand our world better and will be involved in our lives by seeing, watching, and helping us more and more every day.
10. Autonomous Vehicles: We call autonomous vehicles that can sense their environment and move with little or no human input. Autonomous vehicles are expected to reduce traffic accidents, provide easier mobility for the elderly, and disabled people, and reduce fuel consumption in the coming years.
11. 5G: 5G, the 5th Generation Mobile Telecommunications, a mobile technology that we often hear today. It can provide data transfer approximately 10 times than the current 4G connection. Even if you think you have not experience 5G yet, you most probably have come across with at least one 5G surgery news in 2020.
12. Flying Vehicles: Drones and unmanned aerial vehicles brought with them the technology required for flying cars, which were considered a dream 10 years ago. It is expected that important steps will be taken in this technology in the coming days.
13. 3D Production: 3D Printer technology is rapid prototyping tools that you can transform 3D objects you designed in computer environment into concrete. Roughly speaking, you can produce anything you draw in 3D with a 3D Printer. Its use in many areas from prosthesis production to car spare parts is expected to become more common in the coming years.
14. Quantum Computers: Computer technologies newly developed in history have been the beginning of the processes that changed the flow of human history and reshaped our lives. The technology that will restart this process for you today is quantum computers. The first known programmable computer was designed by Charles Babbage in the 19th century. This machine, called the analytical machine, was not an electronic device, but purely a mechanical machine that had the power to calculate every computable function in theory. Mechanical analog computers, designed based on Babbage’s design, were used in world wars in the calculations of military weapon systems and in decoding encrypted messages. Electronic computers developed later enabled an efficiency that would allow calculations not possible with analog computers. Since the day it was invented, digital computers have touched every aspect of our lives and this digital transformation is not yet complete. Although they are small enough to fit in our pocket and have the processing power to calculate the weather, the digital computers we use today have some limits due to their working principles. Quantum computers will be able to decipher the codes that could be considered unbreakable until today, thanks to qbits, which can be created thanks to the superposition principle and can be found in more than one state at the same time, unlike conventional digital computers.
15. Robotic Technology: We define the technologies that aim to make machines that can take the place of human or imitate human actions as robotic technology. Although very important developments have been made in this regard recently, it is expected that technology will become widespread in the coming days. Robots can work in jobs that stress the physical characteristics of people and take part in unfavourable and dangerous conditions. They can ensure that a certain quality standard is maintained in production. It does not have costs such as workplace safety, health, or education. Due to this and many other similar reasons, great steps will be taken in robotics technology in the coming days.